When it comes to Florida turf, one topic that is becoming more and more popular is the grass types available. With its gorgeous landscapes, it is no surprise that Floridians have warm weather year-round. This can make for some very beautiful landscapes, but also a lot of maintenance for those lucky enough to enjoy seeing such natural beauty.
One of the most important decisions in landscaping is what type of grass to plant. Florida has a wide variety of climates, so there is no one perfect answer to this question. However, we can provide an overview of some of the more popular types of grass found in Florida yards.
This type of grass is very common in Florida and can be used in both residential and commercial landscapes. It does well in full sun or partial shade and handles moderate levels of traffic. It provides a deep, dark green color during the spring and summer months but does not require much water or fertilizer to grow.
One downside to St. Augustinegrass is that it can be susceptible to brown patch disease, which causes large patches on the lawn to die off.
St Augustinegrass is also a popular Florida warm season turfgrass that grows well in both full sun and partial shade. This grass should be fertilized three times a year with an N-P-K ratio of 12:0:12. Irrigate St Augustinegrass twice a week during Florida’s hot summers and once a week during the cooler months.
Bermuda grass is also very popular in Florida due to its ability to tolerate drought conditions and high heat without showing signs of stress. It is often used on golf courses because it comes back from being cut very quickly, and it tends to wear well under heavy traffic.
This grass also has a deep root system that allows it to survive droughts, but it still needs some water during long periods without rain. This makes Bermuda a good choice for areas with low rainfall or limited irrigation resources.
This grass is tough and can handle heavy traffic, but it does need full sun to grow well. One downside is that this type of grass will not tolerate cold temperatures, so it needs to be planted in the warm months of spring or summer.
Bermudagrass requires at least six hours of direct sunlight per day and should be fertilized twice a year with an N-P-K ratio of 16:0:24. This highly drought tolerant grass can handle Florida’s hot summers without much water, but it needs more frequent watering during Florida’s dry winters.
This grass grows well in sandy soil and thrives where there has been a lot of water runoff from other areas on your property (such as near a pool). If you want an easy-to-maintain lawn without spending too much money on equipment like mowers or edgers, then Bahia may be what you’re looking for. However, keep in mind that it cannot handle heavy traffic.
This is a warm-season grass that is mostly planted for pastures, roadsides, and lawns in Florida. Bahiagrass is also used to cover golf course fairways and athletic fields, as well as reclaiming disturbed sites, such as abandoned farmlands, pastures, and roadsides. There are two major varieties of Bahiagrass: Pensacola Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) and Argentine Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum). Argentine bahiagrass is the more common type.
One drawback for Bahia is that it doesn’t spread very easily, so if you want a thick lawn, you’ll have to do some serious weeding at first until it starts growing back again.
Bahiagrass is a warm season grass that does well in Florida’s hot climate. This highly drought tolerant grass requires little water and can handle up to six hours of direct sunlight per day. Bahiagrass should be fertilized twice a year with a nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium (N-P-K) ratio of 12:0:12.
This grass is becoming more and more popular in Florida due to its ability to stay green all year long, even during winter months. It does well in full sun or partial shade and can tolerate both drought and high traffic conditions. Zoysia also requires very little fertilizer or water to grow.
The downside to this grass is that it can be slow to take root, so it’s important to make sure you have enough soil moisture before planting. It also tends to brown out in the summer if not given proper irrigation.
Zoysia grass is a warm-season grass that does well in shady areas, requiring only four hours of direct sunlight per day. Zoysia grass should be fertilized two times a year with an N-P-K ratio of 14:0:14. Like Bermudagrass, Zoysia grass can handle hot summers without much water but needs more frequent watering during Florida’s dry winters.
Centipede grass works well for filling in bare spots on your lawn or for areas where other grass types do not thrive. It does not require much water or fertilizer and is low maintenance, but it may not wear as well as St. Augustine or Bermuda grass in high traffic areas like entryways and patios.
This type of grass is mostly found in the Florida panhandle and is better suited for climates with cooler winters. It will not tolerate temperatures over 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Centipedegrass is a cool-season grass that grows best in full sun, requiring at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. This low-maintenance grass should be fertilized twice a year with an N-P-K ratio of 15:0:15 and watered once or twice a week during Florida’s hot summers and less frequently during Florida’s cooler months.
There are several other types of grass that can be used in Florida landscapes, but these are some of the most popular options.
Certain factors should be taken into consideration when choosing a new sod or seed, such as:
The range of Floridian grass types is wide. Some grow best in areas with a lot of sunshine and water, while others thrive in shaded areas along the coasts. Still, other species work well in a variety of conditions, including central areas with more moderate weather. As each person’s situation differs, it is important to keep these factors in mind and choose a grass most suitable for their specific location.